Sri Dasavathara Stothram (combined avathara varnanam) – 12



This is a gem of a slOkam of Swamy Desikan that displays His genius as a poet to summarize the essence of each of the ten avathArams of the Lord with a unique adjective (epithet). At the end of this slOkam, Swamy Desikan points out those who repeatedly recite even the names of the ten avathAra Moorthys with their unique visEshaNams attributed to them would sanctify this earth.


This is an anusandhAnam, which eulogizes all the ten avathArams of the Lord in one slOkam. Until now, Swamy Desikan has been saluting one avathAram at a time. Now, Swamy Desikan facilitates the enjoyment of all the ten avathArams in one slOkam and points out the essence of each of these avathArams. He shifts from “prathyEka sthuthi” to “samudhAya keerthanam” of all the avathArams. Ten different aspects of VisishtAdhvaitha anubhavam is had from this samudhAya (collective) keerthanA-roopa namskaraNams of the DasAvathArams of the Lord according to Anbil GopAlAcchAr Swamy. Swamy Desikan reveals that those who recite the names of the DasAvathAra Moorthys saluted by this slOkam will accumulate heaps of PuNyams and sanctify the world through their existence. Each of these NaamAs chosen by Swamy Desikan is a gem in its own right and reveals the quintessence of these ten avathArams. Let us study them now:

1. “IcchA Meena”: The Fish form taken by the Lord out of His own will and love.

2. “VihAra Kacchabha”: A form taken for the sport of the Lord. “viharathE Deva: sahaiva SriyA:” Koormam is the reminiscent of prathyAhAra angam of the AshtAnga yOgam, which is essential for dhyAnam. Tortoise is the one, who pulls its angams (limbs) inside and it is therefore connected to KoormAsanam (as the KoormAsanam used by Swamy Desikan at Sathyagalam for his dhyAnam) and is important.

3. “MahA pOthrin”: This naamam of “MahA pOthrin” is linked to the Bruhathvam (Hugeness /Vastness of His glories) of the Lord.

4. “YadhrucchA HarE”: This is a form, which was totally unexpected. He is Hari always But the form of Lion was unexpected.

5. “RakshA Vaamana”: As VaamAnan, He protected all. Indhran who lost his kingdom sought the Lord’s protection. Vaamanan protected Indhran, the three worlds and even MahA Bali, who became a Chiranjeevi. Our Lord Vaamanan kept MahA Bali alive. That Is His rakshA sankalpam.

6. “ROsha Raama”: Jamadhagni’s puthran, who was “pure and simple wrath incarnate”. He destroyed 21 generations of KashathriyAs.

7. “KaruNA KaakusTa”: Instead of addressing this avathAra purushan as “Raamaa”, Swamy Desikan salutes Him as “KaakusTan”. Swamy had earlier addressed ParasurAman, the amsAvathAran as “rOsha Raaman”. Hence, Anbil GopAlaacchAr Swamy speculates that Swamy Desikan saluted DasarathAmajan as “KaakuTsthan” instead of “Raaman”.

8. “hElA Halin”: Halam is the plough, which is the weapon of BalarAman. “HElA” means playful. BalarAman used His weapon, the mighty plough playfully.

9. “KreeDa vallava kuhanA gOpa”: This is an avathAram “devoted to ever-sportful life”. Baala Krredai, Raasa Kreedai, Jala Kreedai are some of His chEshtithams.

10. “Kalka Vaahana daSA Kalkin”: Kalkam means a white horse. This is the avathAram that is yet to happen.

This slOkam is the nigamana slOkam for the DaSAvathAra SthOthram. Swamy reveals that anyone who repeats the dasAvathara Naamams even without bhAvam or devotion would sanctify the world and its beings. They will accumulate heaps of PuNyams. Thus the prabhAvam of this slOkam is highlighted.

Commentary by: Sri Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri Sadagopan

to be continued…


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